The highest climbs of Europe #11 - Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse

Wednesday 27 May 2020 by Frank Jansen

When people start talking about famous cols, Austria is mentioned seldom. But this country hosts some of the most exceptional climbs in the world. The Edelweissspitze is perhaps the most iconic one. A brutal climb in the magical surroundings of the Grossglockner.

Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse Edelweissspitze

Picture 1 (Adobe Stock): Edelweissspitze on top of the mountain


Country: Austria
Height: 2571 meters


The Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse was constructed in the 1930's as a tourist attraction. It's not a typical climb. The highest point is not on the main road, but at the end of one of the sideways. The main road connects the towns of Fusch in the state of Salzburg to Heiligenblut in Carinthia. Hochtor is the highest point (2504 m), which has a short tunnel. 

There are two dead ends on the climb: on the south side there's a road to the Kaiser-Franz-Josefs-Höhe (2370 m) - a real must do. From this place you'll face the Grossglockner and the Pasterze. The highest mountain and biggest glacier in Austria respectively. On the north side, there's another dead end, leading to the Edelweissspitze. This cobblestoned 1,5 km long road leads to a viewing point at 2571 meters, which makes it the highest point of the Hochalpenstrasse. It offers a stunning view on the snow-packed mountain peaks.

The north side

From Fusch, it's a 22 km long non-stop climb to the Edelweissspitze. It's a real beast: the last 14 km average at a brutal 9.7%. The beautiful view from the top is a great reward for all that suffering. 

When you descent the Edelweissspitze, you can carry on. You'll pass by the Fuscher Törl. The road winds around the mountain top like a snake, offering marvellous views on the Grossglockner. After a short descent, there's another 4 km climb to the Hochtor.

The south side

Reaching the Edelweissspitze is a three stage rocket. Stage 1: the brutal, long climb to Hochtor, with multiple kilometers well above 10%. It's highly recommended to interrupt this stage with a back-and-forth towards Kaiser-Franz-Josefs-Höhe. After reaching the Hochtor, there's a short decent, after which you'll have conquer a short but steep climb towards the Fuscher Törl. From here, you take a right for the final cobblestoned road to the Edelweisspitze.   

Cycling on the Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse with the Edelweissspitze and the Kaiser-Franz-Josefs-Höhe is an adventure of a lifetime. This should be on every cyclist's bucket list (it's actually the number 1 on mine). Take into account that this a popular tourist attraction. Traffic can be dense in high season. 

Cycling history

The Giro d'Italia passed by twice. In 1971, the finish of stage 17 was at the Hochtor (2504 m). The riders climbed the mountain from the north. Swedisch rider Gösta Petterson took the pink jersey at day, and he never gave it away that Giro. It made him the first and only Skandinavian Giro winner to this day.

In 2011, stage 13 finished on the south side at the Glocknerhaus (2137 m). Rujano (Ven) won, Contador came in second. Look at the footage. Contador strengthened this position in the GC and would eventually win the Giro. This victory was however taken away from him following the clenbuterol gate.  

Also worth mentioning is the fact that the (at the time) unknown 18 year old Charly Gaul won his first big mountain stage at the 'Grossglockner'. The victory marked his definitive breakthrough as a climber. 

Gran fondo's


Grossglockner Bike Challenge


Nufenenpass  Edelweisspitze north

Hochtor north

Nufenenpass  Hochtor south

Franz-Josefs-Höhe south

Routes and tours

Riding the Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse entirely (from Fusch to Heiligenblut and back) will yield 102 kilometers and 4000 meters of elevation. This includes a back-and-forth to Kaiser-Franz-Josefs-Höhe and the Edelweissspitze. A classic, comparable to the Cinglé du Mont Ventoux (3x).


Click on the images to download the routes.

The highest climbs in Europe, the list

11 Grossglockner
Austria 2571
12 Timmelsjoch /
Passo Rombo
13 Pass Umbrail Switzerland
14 Colle delle Fauniera /
Colle dei Morti 
Italy 2481
15 Nufenenpass /
Passo della Novena
Switzerland 2477
16 Col du Grand-Saint-Bernard /
Colle del Gran San Bernardo
17 Furkapass Switzerland 2436
18 Roque de los Muchachos Spain 2426
19 Hochwurtenspeicher Austria 2421
20 Col du Granon France 2413


Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse Edelweissspitze

Picture 2 (Adobe Stock): Hochalpenstrasse and the Edelweissspitze (right)

Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse Edelweissspitze

Picture 3 (Peter Beukenkamp): The cobblestoned climb to the Edelweissspitze

Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse Edelweissspitze

Picture 4 (Peter Beukenkamp): View from the road towards the Edelweissspitze

Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse Edelweissspitze

Picture 5 (Adobe Stock):  The cobblestoned road to the Edelweisspitze

Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse Edelweissspitze

Picture 6 (Wikimedia Commons PantheraLeo1359531): Franz-Josefs-Höhe

Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse Edelweissspitze

Picture 7 (Wikimedia Commons Kotu): Franz-Josefs-Höhe, view on the Grossglockner (highest peak on the left)

Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse Edelweissspitze

Picture 8 (Wikimedia Commons Arne Müseler): Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse from the Edelweissspitze

Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse Edelweissspitze

Picture 9 (Adobe Stock): Edelweissspitze on top of the mountain

Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse Edelweissspitze

Picture 10 (Adobe Stock): Fuscherl Törl

Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse Edelweissspitze

Picture 11 (Pixabay - stux): Between Fuscherl Törl and Hochtor

Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse Edelweissspitze

Picture 12 (Wikimedia Commons - Zairon): Hochtor

Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse Edelweissspitze

Picture 13 (Pixabay): Parking lot Edelweissspitze

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